Bite correction in Yerevan, Armenia
Dental braces are special orthodontic appliances that are used for correction of the teeth position and elimination of bite abnormalities.
The need for orthodontic treatment can be identified by the specialist – orthodontist. Only after a comprehensive examination, which includes an anamnesis of general health, oral health, the results of clinical examination, models of patient’s jaws and teeth, and special x-ray, the doctor will be able to prescribe proper treatment.
Indications for orthodontic treatment in Yerevan, Armenia
Overbite, sometimes called “buck teeth” – where the upper front teeth lie too far forward (stick out) over the lower teeth
Underbite – a “bulldog” appearance where the lower teeth are too far forward or the upper teeth too far back
Crossbite – when the upper teeth do not come down slightly in front of the lower teeth when biting together normally
Open bite – space between the biting surfaces of the front and/or side teeth when the back teeth bite together
Misplaced midline – when the center of your upper front teeth does not line up with the center of your lower front teeth
Spacing – gaps, or spaces, between the teeth as a result of missing teeth or teeth that do not “fill up” the mouth
Crowding – when there are too many teeth for the dental ridge to accommodate
Types of braces
This is a time-tested orthodontic treatment. The name comes from the Latin word “ligature”, which means “bunch”. These bracket systems consist of an arc with small locks. There are two types of fastening- wires and elastic bands.
Elastic bands are used in the initial stages of bite correction in Yerevan, Armenia, since their pressure on the arc is not strong enough. Wires are fix the structure more tightly and they are applied later or at the final stage of bite correction in Yerevan, Armenia.
Ligature – free braces or self-ligating braces – appeared recently. Their main feature is that the locks are attached to the arc by a special mechanism – clamps, without elastic rings or wires. Such system does not require constant correction, and the patient will not need to visit the dentist often during the treatment. Another feature is smaller size compared with classical braces, which makes them more comfortable. Today braces can be fixed both in the inner or outer side of teeth, depending on doctor’s recommendations.
Lingual ( internal ) – are attached to the inner side and are almost invisible, which make them the most aesthetic option of orthodontic treatment.
Vestibular braces are attached to the outer side of teeth. Vestibular braces do not have aesthetic features as lingual, but they have lower cost and are more convenient for hygienic care.
In modern orthodontics, braces can be made of metal, ceramics, plastic and sapphire.
Plastic, in comparison with metal, have more aesthetic appearance, but they are not strong enough, and also require longer treatment due to characteristics of this material.
Metal braces are made of stainless steel, titanium or an alloy of nickel and titanium. Brackets made of are reliable and durable and can correct the most complex anomalies. Despite the fact that metal loses in terms of aesthetic, they provide the fastest result, they are difficult to damage with solid food and are affordable option for orthodontic treatment.
Ceramic braces are made of special material – polycrystalline aluminum oxide. The feature of ceramic braces is that the color of such braces is close to the natural color of the enamel, which makes them also invisible to others.
Sapphire braces are made of artificial sapphire crystal. They are more reliable, in comparison with plastic or ceramic, have high aesthetics and transparency
Teeth brackets can also be combined, which means the use of ceramics or sapphires in the “smile zone”, metal in the chewing zone.
Bite correction in Yerevan, Armenia is necessary for maintaining the overall health.